Marine capture fisheries have very important role for food supply, food security and income generation in India. India have a coast line of 8129 Km, and it is spread over 9 maritime states and 4 Union Territories. Following are the major fisheries infrastructure in marine sector.
Coastal fisheries fall under State jurisdiction and take place within the first 12 nautical miles from the base line out to sea while Deep-sea fisheries operations, falling under the jurisdiction of the Union Government, are mostly taking place between the 12 nautical miles and the outer boundary of the EEZ. Management of inshore fisheries is the responsibility of State Governments, usually operating through State Fisheries Departments and with specific State-based legislation.
The multi-species multi-gear marine fishing sector of India is divided into four sector;
The milestone in the fisheries development in India was the introduction of mechanized boats during 1970s, mainly trawlers. After the introduction of mechanized boats, fishing fleet of India has been tremendously increasing. According to CMFRI Marine Fisheries Census, India has 199,141 fishing vessels comprising 52,982 non-motorized; 73,410 motorized and 72,749 mechanized fishing vessels.
|Sl. No.||State/Union Territory||Traditional crafts (non motorized)||Motorised crafts||Mechanised boats||Total|
|10.||Andaman & Nicobar Islands||1637||1491||61||3189|
|11.||Daman & Diu||321||359||1000||1680|
India is blessed with a coastline of 8,129 km, 2.02 million sq. km. of Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) including 0.5 million sq. km. of continental shelf.
|Sl. No.||State/Union Territory||Approximate length of coast line||Number of landing centres|
|10.||Andaman & Nicobar Islands||1912||25|
|11.||Daman & Diu||27||7|