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Fisheries Infrastructure

Marine capture fisheries have very important role for food supply, food security and income generation in India. India have a coast line of 8129 Km, and it is spread over 9 maritime states and 4 Union Territories. Following are the major fisheries infrastructure in marine sector.

Coastal fisheries fall under State jurisdiction and take place within the first 12 nautical miles from the base line out to sea while Deep-sea fisheries operations, falling under the jurisdiction of the Union Government, are mostly taking place between the 12 nautical miles and the outer boundary of the EEZ. Management of inshore fisheries is the responsibility of State Governments, usually operating through State Fisheries Departments and with specific State-based legislation.

Maritime States of India

  • Gujarat
  • Maharashtra
  • Goa
  • Karnataka
  • Kerala
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Odisha
  • West Bengal
  • Andaman & Nicobar Islands (UT)
  •  Lakshadweep (UT)
  •  Puducherry (UT)
  • Daman & Diu (UT)

Number of fishing crafts in India

The multi-species multi-gear marine fishing sector of India is divided into four sector;

  • Non-Motorized
  • Motorized
  • Mechanized
  • Deep sea fishing sector

The milestone in the fisheries development in India was the introduction of mechanized boats during 1970s, mainly trawlers. After the introduction of mechanized boats, fishing fleet of India has been tremendously increasing. According to CMFRI Marine Fisheries Census, India has 199,141 fishing vessels comprising 52,982 non-motorized; 73,410 motorized and 72,749 mechanized fishing vessels.

Sl. No. State/Union Territory Traditional crafts (non motorized) Motorised crafts Mechanised boats Total
1. Andhra Pradesh 17837 10737 3167 31741
2 Goa 227 1297 1142 2666
3. Gujarat 1884 8238 18278 28400
4. Karnataka 2862 7518 3646 14023
5. Kerala 5884 11175 4722 21781
6. Maharashtra 2783 1563 13016 17362
7. Odisha 4656 3922 2248 10826
8. Tamil Nadu 10436 24942 10692 46070
9. West Bengal 3066 0 14282 17348
10. Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1637 1491 61 3189
11. Daman & Diu 321 359 1000 1680
12. Lakshadweep 727 606 129 1462
13. Puducherry 662 1562 369 2593
  TOTAL 52982 73410 72749 199141

Coastline length and landing centers of different Maritime States of India

India is blessed with a coastline of 8,129 km, 2.02 million sq. km. of Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) including 0.5 million sq. km. of continental shelf.

Sl. No. State/Union Territory Approximate length of coast line Number of landing centres
1. Andhra Pradesh 974 271
2 Goa 104 34
3. Gujarat 1600 123
4. Karnataka 300 88
5. Kerala 590 178
6. Maharashtra 720 152
7. Odisha 480 57
8. Tamil Nadu 1076 352
9. West Bengal 158 44
10. Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1912 25
11. Daman & Diu 27 7
12. Lakshadweep 132 19
13. Puducherry 45 26
  Total 8118 1376
(Source: Statistics and year of the book)